We all know the story of the ill-fated maiden voyage of the Titanic. At least I assume we do, I can’t imagine there’s anyone out there who doesn’t know the story, but just in case here’s a brief recap of the tragic tale with a few facts you might not know.
The RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank on its maiden voyage in 1912 between Southampton and New York when it hit an iceberg causing the deaths of over 1,500 people in the icy waters of the Atlantic. Built by White Star Line it was the largest ship afloat at the time and was given the unfortunate moniker ‘the unsinkable ship’.
We’ve all watched the DiCaprio and Winslet movie of Titanic, but did you know that the first film made about the disaster, called Saved from the Titanic, was released less than a month after the Titanic sank and starred an actual survivor – British silent movie actress Dorothy Gibson. James Cameron’s romantic epic was more successful, but the original movie (sadly lost now) is known for being a much more historically accurate account.
One of the main reasons for the high death toll was the lack of lifeboats – there were only 20 lifeboats on board – enough for half the number of people onboard that day – a problem which was made worse by the fact that the staff were untrained in emergency procedures and because of this many of the early lifeboats were launched only half-full.
Luckily that prestigious first voyage wasn’t actually full to capacity, if it had been there would have been an additional 1115 passengers on board making the death toll almost double.
Still the numbers are sobering, especially if you take a look at the numbers of Third Class passengers which were lost, a horrifying 66% of children, 54% of women and pretty much most of the men on board regardless of the class they travelled in.
|Passenger category||Number aboard||Number saved||Number lost||Percentage saved||Percentage lost|
|Children, First Class||6||5||1||83.4%||16.6%|
|Children, Second Class||24||24||0||100%||0%|
|Children, Third Class||79||27||52||34%||66%|
|Women, First Class||144||140||4||97%||3%|
|Women, Second Class||93||80||13||86%||14%|
|Women, Third Class||165||76||89||46%||54%|
|Men, First Class||175||57||118||33%||67%|
|Men, Second Class||168||14||154||8%||92%|
|Men, Third Class||462||75||387||16%||84%|
The passenger liner RMS Carpathia responded to distress signals sent out by the Titanic and arrived on the scene around 2 hours after Titanic sank
Above: RMS Titanic’s propeller shaft installation (health and safety would just have a fit at that today wouldn’t they!)
Image source 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 12, and copyright: This media file is in the public domain in the United States. This applies to U.S. works where the copyright has expired, often because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1923. 3, 5, 9, 11, This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired and its author is anonymous. 4: This UK artistic work, of which the author is unknown and cannot be ascertained by reasonable enquiry, is in the public domain. 10: This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code. 13, 14, 15: No known copyright restrictions
Titanic: The Tragedy of the Unsinkable Ship in Photos | The Historical Frog
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